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October 18, 2008

Gospel of Matthew: the Jewish origins of the Sermon of the Mount

Matthew 5:38-42; Jesus’ rejection of the “eye for an eye,” was built upon previous Jewish ethical teachings in the Hebrew Bible (Leviticus 19:18). Jesus might have also been influenced by the teachings of Hillel the Elder (Pharisee) who is quoted as illustrating the Golden Rule to be an effective summary of the Torah. Jesus delivering […]

Filed by Frank at October 18th, 2008 under Religion
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Community Rule of the Essenes

Summary: An apocalyptic sect of Judaism (I would argue influenced by Babylonian and Greek religious ideals with a assortment of mystic, eschatological, messianic and ascetic beliefs) that thrived from the 2nd century BCE to about the 1st century CE. Josephus and Philo describe them in their work, Pliny the Elder located them near the Dead […]

Filed by Frank at October 18th, 2008 under Religion
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October 3, 2008

Israelite prophecy

General Characteristics: Classical prophecy is not soothsaying (clairvoyance; 1 Samuel 10:2, Samuel tells Saul where to find his missing donkeys). It includes a ‘written’ (composed) work or book, such as the Book of Isaiah or Jeremiah. It stresses ‘forth telling’ (addressing present ills) or foretelling, though the element of predicting the future in general terms […]

Filed by Frank at October 3rd, 2008 under Religion
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Julius Caesar vs. Jesus: Historical Evidence

Julius Caesar wrote two works about the events in his life. If you want a more detailed view go HERE and for just a list of works go HERE. Sallust (86 – 34 BCE) a contemporary historian wrote about Julius Caesar (The Catiline Conspiracy) and was made governor of Numeria by Caesar. Cicero (106 – […]

Filed by Frank at October 3rd, 2008 under Religion
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September 26, 2008

Isaiah 53: Medieval Rabbis

Ramban (13th century): “The right view respecting this Parashah is to suppose that by the phrase “my servant” the whole of Israel is meant. . . .As a different opinion, however, is adopted by the Midrash, which refers it to the Messiah, it is necessary for us to explain it in conformity with the view […]

Filed by Frank at September 26th, 2008 under Religion
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Isaiah 53: Jesus or Israel?

Isaiah 53:3; ‘despised and rejected by men…’ This is relevant to Israel if you read Isaiah 60:15, Psalms 44:130 – 14 but, Jesus was followed by multitudes (Matthew 4:25), applauded a prophet upon his triumphal entry in Jerusalem (Matthew 21:9 – 11), rulers feared a riot of the people so they had Jesus taken by […]

Filed by Frank at September 26th, 2008 under Religion
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Isaiah 53 synopsis

Memo: The chapter divisions are not original but instituted afterward. Isaiah 53 starts at Isaiah 52:13: ‘Behold, My servant shall prosper, he shall be exalted and lifted up, and shall be very high.’ Isaiah plainly establishes, ‘My servant.’ Isaiah 41:8-9, Isaiah 44:1-2, Isaiah 45:4, Isaiah 48:20, Isaiah 49:3 all plainly say that Israel is ‘My […]

Filed by Frank at September 26th, 2008 under Religion
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September 25, 2008

Josephus on Jesus

Josephus was a Jewish priest who was born (37 CE). A supporter to Judaism, he led a considerable Jewish force (Galilee) in opposition to the invading Romans. However, when the Jewish temple (temple-state) was destroyed in (70 CE), Josephus betrayed his people and joined the Romans (saving his life; Flavius). Josephus is known for being […]

Filed by Frank at September 25th, 2008 under Religion
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September 6, 2008

Paul knows nothing of a historical Jesus

Paul’s texts on the ‘Last Supper,’ are nothing more than a tutorial of a ritual; Paul knows nothing of who was sitting at the table, nor any reactions of the people sitting at the table, where and when it took place, or who betrayed Jesus. If Paul was writing about a real event then a […]

Filed by Frank at September 6th, 2008 under Religion
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Israel/Judah

“When the Assyrians conquered Israel in 722 they as a matter of imperial policy (Babylonians, Persians, Macedonians, and Romans did the same), deported a significant segment of the population while refugees fled to Judah (which transitioned Judah from small community into a tangible state-type). The Assyrians also moved thousands of people from other parts of […]

Filed by Frank at September 6th, 2008 under Religion
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